The New Jersey colonists were not happy with the coins they had because the metallic value was far below the inscribed value. So in June, 1786, the New Jersey General Assembly passed an Act to create its own copper coins which were made on an English screw press. They also made coins by over-striking coins of Vermont, Connecticut, & the British Halfpence. Minting stopped when The Federal Constitution was adopted. The front has a horse’s head with a plow & the legend “Nova Caesarea” (New Jersey). The back has a U.S. shield with the legend “E. Pluribus Unum” (One composed of many).
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